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Welcome!

Welcome to Munich!  Or, as they say in Germany, Wilkommen in München!

Name of City: München (Munich in English) is derived from the old German world “Mönche,” which means “monks.”

Motto: Munich’s city motto is “München Mag Dich,” or “Munich Likes You.”

Coat of Arms:  Since “München” means “Monks,” Munich’s coat of arms depicts a monk dressed in black.  The coat of arms of the state of Bavaria is:

Munich Coat of Arms

Country: Germany

Capital of Country: Berlin

National Holiday: German Unity Day, which is celebrated on October 3. 

Flag of Country:  German Flag

Currency: Euro; notation is €.
Population: Munich is Germany’s third-largest city, with a population of 1.284 million in the city itself and 2.4 million in the greater Munich region.  48.4% of Munich’s population is male, while 51.6% is female.  23.3% of its population consists of foreign nationals.  Yugoslavians comprise the largest single immigrant group in Munich. 

Latitude & Longitude: 48° 08’N and 011° 42’E

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Location, Geography, and Climate: Munich is the capital of the German state of Bavaria, which is located in southeast Germany and borders Austria, Switzerland, and the Czech Republic.  Munich has an altitude 520 m.  Two local rivers, the Isar and Würm, flow through the city.  There are also some marshes in northern Munich. 
Thanks to the proximity of the Alps, the weather in Munich can change drastically over the span of just a few hours.  Average temperatures in Munich range from-4.95 to 21.55 degrees Celsius.  Rainfall varies from 120 mm/month to 459 mm/month.

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Local time: Munich’s current local time is 6 hours ahead of Cincinnati local time during Daylight Savings (April-October) and 5 hours ahead of Cincinnati local time during the remainder of the year. 

The Cincinnati-Munich Connection: As of 2002, Cincinnati has the third-largest German population in the country.  The German roots in Cincinnati have influenced many aspects of our city, including the May Festival chorus, the architecture, churches, labor unions, politics, food, and – of course – Oktoberfest.  The Cincinnati neighborhood Over-the-Rhine was named by its original German settlers.  Our Sister City relationship with Munich was officially cemented on September 18, 1989.  The text of the agreement can be found below, as well as a picture from the signing agreement:

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The City of Cincinnati and the City of Munich
Represented by their mayors solemnly pledge on this day, in the spirit of freedom, to maintain a lasting relationship with each other, to support and deepen the mutual exchange in all the fields, to further strengthen the ties of friendship, and to serve the cause of peace and progress of nations, in the true spirit of cooperation.
This agreement between the sister cities of Cincinnati and Munich shall be of infinite nature.
Munich, September 18, 1989
Cincinnati, June 6, 1990

Signed:
Charles J. Luken, Mayor of the City of Cincinnati
Georg Kronawitter, Mayor of the City of Munich
Auguste G. Kent, Chairwoman of the Munich Committee, Sister City Association of Greater Cincinnati

Signing agreement:



From left to right: Georg Kronawitter, Mayor of Munich; Auguste Kent, Chairwoman of Munich Sister City Committee; Charlie Luken, Mayor of Cincinnati

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History:
Munich was founded in 1158, and it became the ducal residence of Upper Bavaria in the thirteenth century after Bavaria was split into two halves.  Bavaria was reunited in 1506, at which point Munich became its capital.  Due to Bavaria’s richly Catholic culture, Munich was a center of the counter-reformation.  It was also the center of arts and culture in the southern German states.  The Kingdom of Bavaria collapsed in1918, and after a period of unrest, Munich was briefly proclaimed the capital of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic.  That, too, collapsed when the state was assimilated into the Weimar Republic of Germany, which lasted until Hitler’s reign and World War II.  Before World War II, the reactionary politics against the ill-advised Soviet Republic allowed the conservative Nazi political party to develop.  Munich was the site of Chamberlain’s famous appeasement; during the war, Munich was a hotbed of resistance against the Nazis.  The city was heavily damaged by bombing, but it was rebuilt after the war and soon regained its prominence.  Today, it is one of the most expensive European cities to live in and has one of the best economies in Germany.  It is also one of the few major German cities that has gained population in recent years, and it is still a cultural and artistic center. Bavaria is a fiercely independent state, and Munich has had a significant role in supporting states’ rights in national politics.  Although Bavaria is a conservative stronghold in Germany, Munich’s city government has been controlled by the left-of-center Social Democratic Party since World War II. 

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Government: The official English-language website of Munich The current Mayor of Munich is Christian Ude, member of the left-of-center Social Democratic Party (SPD).  Munich is unique because it has been an SPD stronghold since World War II – the same amount of time that the rest of Bavaria has been a stronghold of the right-of-center political party, the Christian Social Union (CSU). The city is divided into 25 administrative boroughs

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Economy:  Munich generates approximately 30% of Bavaria’s total GDP, which in 2005 was an estimated €67.3 billion.72% of Munich’s GDP is produced in the service sector, while 23% of it is from manufacturing. Unemployment rates in Munich are among the lowest in the country.  Major companies headquartered in Munich include: the HypoVereinsbank; Allianz; BMW; Siemens; Munich Re; and Krauss Maffei.

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Education:

The main institutions of higher education in Munich include Munich University (LMU), Technical University, Hochschule München, the Art Academy, and the Academy for Music and Theatre. The education system in Germany for elementary and high school differs from our own system.  In Germany each federal state is responsible for their education system. It is mandatory for every child between the age of 6 and 15 to attend school, and there are no fees for attending the public school system.  Generally, children in Germany only have school in the morning, although the Bavarian government is going to raise the number of all-day state schools in the next few years. Private schools and international schools often are all-day schools.

  • Primary School (Grundschule)In the first four years of their education, all children learn together in primary school. The child's performance at primary school determines which type of school they attend afterwards: Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium.

  • Seconday Schools:
    1. Hauptschule
      A Hauptschule is a secondary school which prepares students for an apprenticeship. Basic skills, including a foreign language, are taught. The programme ends after the 9th or 10th year of schooling with the “Hauptschule” certificate.
    2. Realschule
      Approximately a quarter of the children in Germany attend a Realschule. The education is less academic than in a Gymnasium. Students leave Realschule after the 10th grade with the so-called "Mittlere Reife", equivalent to GCSE in Britain. After that they have several options, which include starting an apprenticeship, attending vocational school or obtaining the qualification to attend a polytechnic/university of applied sciences.
    3. Gymnasium
      A Gymnasium offers the most academic secondary education in Germany and is comparable to grammar schools in the U.K. Children are supposed to attend this school until completing their "Abitur" after year 13. The "Abitur" is a prerequisite to enter a German university.

     

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Religion: As of December 31, 2005, 39.5% of the inhabitants of Munich are Roman Catholic and 14.2% Protestant.

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Culture: The two-week-long Oktoberfest celebration is the most well-known festival in Munich.  Despite its name, it takes place mostly in September.  It originated in 1810 as a wedding feast in honor of the marriage of the crown prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

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Recreation: The sports scene is very active in Munich – there are weekly football (soccer) matches, horse races, tennis and golf tournaments; lots of winter sports (skiing, snowboarding, ice skating) and more!  The main pro team, FC Bayern Munich, is a powerhouse in German soccer. 

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Tourism Tips: The original Hofbräuhaus is located in Munich, and it’s a must-see for any Cincinnatian that has been to our own Hofbräuhaus.  The Rathaus-Glockenspiel, located on Marienplatz in the heart of Munich, is a famous clock that chimes every day at 11:00 and reenacts scenes from German history.  Other famous attractions in Munich include the Nymphenburg palace; the English Garden, the largest public park in Munich; the Olympic stadium; and a myriad of other places.  Munich has a fantastic night life and a rich cultural scene – for example, the Munich Philharmonic is internationally renowned.

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Places to Learn German in Cincinnati:
Most universities offer classes in the German language, as do most high schools.  The Fairview-Clifton German Language school is a K-6 school that offers German language instruction.  Cincilingua offers language courses for a variety of languages, including German.  Students can choose an intensive training course or private, one-on-one instruction.  Berlitz , a company that offers instruction in a multitude of languages, also has a location in Cincinnati.

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Recent Headlines: (German)

Recent Headlines: (English)

Contacts:
Munich Sister City Association of Greater Cincinnati
tel: (513) 241-8800 x 3
email

Sources:
Websites consulted:
Nndb.com/geo/870/000069663/
Weatherbase.com
Region-muenchen.com
Muenchen.de
Education_Employment/School_Child_Care
Sport_Fitness/Sport_Activities
Wirtschaft-muenchen.de
Enquirer.com
Coat_of_arms_of_Munich

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