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Welcome!

Welcome! Or, as they say in France, Bienvenue à Nancy!

Name of City: Nancy, which comes from the Celtic word ‘Nant,’ which means both ‘valley’ and ‘river.’  The name ‘Nancy’ means ‘the wooded river valley.’

Motto: The motto of Nancy is ‘Non inultus premor,’ or ‘No one touches me with impunity;’ this motto is a reference to the thistle plant that is a symbol of Lorraine.

Coat of Arms:  The thistle is a symbol of Lorraine region. 

Country: France

Capital of Country: Paris

National Holiday: Bastille Day on July 14

Flag of Country: France Flag

Currency: Euro; notation is €.

Population:106300 as of June 2005

Latitude & Longitude: 48° 42'North, 6° 11'East 

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Location, Geography, and Climate:
Nancy, France is located in the département of Meurthe-et-Moselle, which is in the region of Lorraine.  Nancy is the capital of Meurthe-et-Moselle and was once the capital of old Lorraine.  Although the city of Metz is currently Lorraine’s capital, Nancy is considered to be of equal importance to Metz.  Lorraine is the only region in France that has two cities of equal stature.  Nancy is in the northeast of France, between several hills that form a wooded plateau.  It is situated in a half-cup basin formed by these hills.   Two rivers, the Moselle and Meurthe, intersect at Nancy, and the city is also bisected by the Canal de la Marne-Rhine.  The Meurthe River marks the town’s eastern border.  
Northern France has a temperate climate, while a combination of external factors – maritime winds, altitude, winds off of the alps – ensure a varied climate for the rest of France.  

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Local time: Nancy is 6 hours ahead of EST during Daylight Savings Time; it is 5 hours ahead during the rest of the year.

History:
Nancy began as a castle built in the 11th century by Gerard d’Alsace; it grew into the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine later that century.  It was burned to the ground in 1218, but was rebuilt and expanded soon after.  It continued to expand throughout the Middle Ages, although it was the site of the Battle of Nancy and other bettles.  The duchy of Lorraine also grew in importance.  Since 1778, Nancy has also been the seat of a bishopric.
In 1871, the Treaty of Frankfurt was signed to end the Franco-Prussian War, and Alsace and the Moselle dėpartment of Lorraine were annexed into Germany.  Nancy again grew in size and importance, since many Alsatians and Mosellans who refused German citizenship flocked into Nancy.  By 1914, the city’s population had ballooned from 50,000 to 120,000 and it had become the main city in eastern France.  However, Nancy suffered setbacks when it was bombed during WWI and occupied by the German army in WWII.  Since the end of WWII, Nancy has rejuvenated its status as a cultural center in France. 

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Government:
The official government site for Nancy. 
The current Mayor of Nancy is Andre Rossinot.

Education: Nancy has the fifth-largest population of students in France, with more than 45,000.   There are three major universities with facilities in Nancy: Nancy University, Henry Poincaré University, and the National Polytechnic Institute of Lorraine. There are also several engineering schools, a major business school, and many other institutes of higher education, including art, architecture, therapy, and research schools.

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Religion: In France, 51% identify as Catholic, 31% are agnostic or atheist, 10% are without an opinion or from ‘other’ religions, 4% are Muslim, 3% are Protestant, and 1% are Jewish.  The Jewish community in France, numbering at about 600,000 people, is the largest in Europe.  The government of France maintains a legal separation from religion.

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Culture: Nancy is a major center of art in France; our Sister City relationship with Nancy has resulted in many art and music exchanges in the past years.  At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th, the Art Nouveau movement was centered in Nancy.  This movement made Nancy into a center of art and architecture that rivaled Paris in importance and prominence.  Today, the Musée de l'École de Nancy (Museum of the School of Nancy) showcases pieces from Art Nouveau artists.
Currently, ‘ARTEM’ is a major university project in Nancy.  It aims to consolidate studies of art, engineering, and management on the same site, and is the result of cooperation between three major universities in Nancy: l'École des Mines de Nancy (an engineering school), l'École nationale supérieure d'art (the National Superior School of Art), and the ICN Business School. 
Every year, the city sponsors a series of cultural events focused on one theme; for 2008, the theme was the 150th anniversary or the birth of Victor Prouvé, who was a founder of the School of Nancy (l'École de Nancy)

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Recreation: Nancy has two premier sports teams: AS Nancy-Lorraine in football (soccer), and SLUC Nancy in basketball.

Tourism Tips: Nancy is a historical town, with buildings dating from the early Middle Ages.  The tower of the the Commanderie Saint-Jean-du-Old-Aître is the oldest. There are also several palaces – the Ducal Palace from the 16th century, which has adjoining tombs, is one of the most famous.  The Art Nouveau artchitecture of the School of Nancy is always worth seeing, as are the many museums in the city – especially the Musee Historique Lorrain.  The most famous landmark is the Place Stanislas, which is a pedestrian square built by the former King of Poland-Lithuania and 18th-century Duke of Lorainne, Stanisław Leszczyński.  It is often used for public festivals.  If you visit, make sure you try some of Nancy’s signature foods - the bergamote, a small yellow candy; quiche lorraine; the ‘baba;’ Lorraine pie, macaroons, and more. 

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Places to Learn French in Cincinnati:  Many universities and lower-level schools offer French as a foreign language option.  Several companies, like Berlitz and Cincilingua also offer instruction in French. 

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Recent Headlines: English or French

Contacts:
Cincinnati-Nancy Sister City Association
tel: (513) 241-8800 x 2
email

Sources:
Websites consulted:
http://www.timeanddate.com
http://www.ot-nancy.fr/uk/
Dgcl.interieur.gouv.fr/sections
http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy
http://www.nancy.fr/accueil/html/

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